Tuesday, August 19, 2014

Palm oil imported into Indonesia by the

Palm oil imported into Indonesia by the Dutch government in 1848 Some of the seeds planted in the Bogor Botanical Gardens, while the rest of the seeds planted by the roadside as an ornamental plant in Deli, northern Sumatra in the 1870s. At the same time they increase demand for vegetable oils due to the Industrial Revolution of the mid-19th century. From here then came the idea to make oil palm plantations based on plant selection from Bogor and Deli, then dikenallah type of oil "Deli Dura".
Agribusiness oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.), Oriented both local and global markets will be faced with the demands of product quality and environmental sustainability in addition to the quantity of production. PT. Natural Nusantara trying to play a role in the increased production of oil palm cultivation in Quantity, Quality and maintaining environmental sustainability (Aspects of K-3)​​.

B. TERMS OF GROWTH
1 Climate
Older solar radiation on average 5-7 hours / day. 1500-4000 mm annual rainfall. 24-280C optimal temperature. Ideal altitude between 1-500 m above sea level. Wind speed of 5-6 km / h to help the process of pollination.

2 Growing Media
Good soil contains a lot of clay, well aerated and fertile. Well drained, soil water deep enough, enough solum in (80 cm), soil pH 4-6, and the soil is not rocky. Land Latosol, Ultisol and Alluvial, sapric peat soil, coastal plains and estuaries can be used as oil palm plantations.

C. TECHNICAL GUIDELINES FOR AQUACULTURE
1 Breeding
1.1. seeding
Sprouts included polybag 12 × 23 or 15 × 23 cm containing Indotophosting.com Hosting Unlimited dan Domain Murah Terbaik di Indonesia 1.5-2.0 kg topsoil that has been sifted. Sprouts planted 2 cm deep. Soil in polybags should always be moist. Keep in polybags beds with a diameter of 120 cm. After the age of 3-4 months and 4-5 leafed seedling Transplanting strands.

Seeds of dederan moved into a polybag 40 × 50 cm 0.11 mm thick containing 15-30 kg of sifted topsoil. Before the seeds are planted, the soil flush with NASA POC 5 ml or 0.5 cap per liter of water. Polybag arranged in an equilateral triangle position with a distance of 90 × 90 cm.

Saturday, August 16, 2014

féidir le Yam (Pachyrrhizus eosus (L) MRB)

féidir le Yam (Pachyrrhizus eosus (L) MRB) a chothú beagnach i ngach cineál a bhaineann leis an leguminosaea tanah.Tanaman teaghlaigh (pónairí) sa bhreis a thabhairt ar aird síolta (pods), táirgeann freisin tiúbair atá san ithir. Bleibíní atá coitianta dtomhailt ithe ceachtar úr nó a úsáid mar sailéad agus sneaiceanna picilte.

Tá Yam saothrú curtha ar eolas agus déanta ag na daoine ar an gráig III (Fondúireacht Bloc Dowo) Páirc an Stáit Sráidbhaile Thoir Lampung Dúiche Lagerstroemia Slí ó deich mbliana ó shin. Dar Solihudin (38 bliain) cónaitheoir Páirc an Stáit Lagerstroemia Bealach Thoir Lampung, sna gléasraí Yam sráidbhaile saothrú go leor cónaitheoirí i séasúr Gadu- am (tar éis an phlandáil rís coise tinne séasúr). Tá Yam saothrú aitheanta ag roinnt feirmeoirí nach bhfuil a cheangal ar caipitil mór agus tá ar bhealach éigin saothrú tahapanBagaimana déanta ag Ir. Karsinah, M.Si ionas yam i ukurang mór a thabhairt ar aird in iúl dúinn a fheiceáil. Cé go fóill i gcéim turgnamhacha agus an chéad plandáil, ach is féidir a tháirgeadh go díreach Yam jumbo-iarrachtaí, a bhfuil meáchan de 3-5 kg ​​in aghaidh an tiúbair bainte amach.

Is é an toradh mór, úr, crisp gan aon snáithíní garbh. Is é sin mar thoradh ar an úsáid a bhaintear as talamh folamh idir an barr mango i KP Cukurgondang, Pasuruan, Oirthear Java. De bharr an méid riamh go dtí seo i KP Cukurgondang tá menanamnya.bengkuang

Bhí Penanamanya bhealach éasca go cothrom agus simplí. Ach Caipitil síolta níos aibí ó na pods fómhar níos aibí ailias fiseolaíocha. "Fisiciúil gur deas, trom, agus saor ó ghalair agus lotnaidí," a dúirt Ir. Karsinah, M.Sc., taighdeoir ag an BUNDAPOKER.COM AGEN TEXAS POKER DAN DOMINO ONLINE INDONESIA TERPERCAYA Cukurgondang KP ag iarraidh leas a bhaint as an talamh folamh idir an germplasm crann mango.

Yam saothrú san áireamh sa Fabaceae teaghlach déanta ag plandáil na síolta. Tá síolta Yam i pods cothrom-chruthach le fad de 8-15 cm, b'ionann síolta idir 4 -9 torthaí, donn, thart cm amháin ar 

Seo síolta Yam curtha go díreach, ach ní mór a bheith i kecambahkan, mar sin roimh plandáil na síolta ba chóir a sáithithe chéad uair i uisce ar feadh thart ar 12 uair an chloig. Ina theannta sin, na síolta atá sáithithe bhaint agus draenáilte, a chur ansin i ngabhdán a tugadh an pedestal faoi bhun na duilleoga. Cuir diruang taise nó fliuch. Ceadaigh a germinate.

Tá Plandáil 15 x 15 cm le doimhneacht de 5 cm, líonadh poll 1 síolta. Meastar gur i heicteár amháin Éilíonn 20-30 kg. Le plandaí j fíon sách fada ag fás ag súil bongsor fás mar gheall ar dul go leor cothaithigh agus nach iomaíocht lena chéile.

How to get this seed and most are believed Lanjar

How to get this seed and most are believed Lanjar State Park community as the best way to get  for cultivation bengkunag processed by plowed or hoed to loose. And made beds to plant yam avoid excessive water. Beds between 20-25 cm high, with a width generally made at a distance of 1 meter between beds 40 to 50 cm.
Basic fertilization normally use manure or compost at a dose of 20 tons per hectare. Planting seed yam done ditugal deep as 5-7 cm. In the plot for the two rows of holes with spacing in rows 25 cm and 30 cm spacing between rows. Yam seed planted as many as 1 seed per hole and then piled on the ground. If necessary do the watering with water. The need for seed yam approximately 25-30 kg per hectare.
maintenance Pruning
According Rustini (35 Th) at the time of yam has grown, require special handling that is trimming. Trimming / cutting flower cluster candidates aiming to reduce competition and accelerate the formation of tubers. If the flowers are not trimmed, the yam tuber development will be stunted and produce small-sized tubers are small, coarse and fibrous.

According Lanjar, pests which attack plants often jicama is a rat. These pests eat subjugate the yam tubers in the soil. This is very detrimental pests to farmers because the bulbs that have been attacked by the mice could not be harvested due to damage.
 
  While other types of pests attack so far has not been experienced by farmers. However, farmers still have to be aware of the emergence of epidemic spots, red mite and leaf beetle pests. To handle these kinds of pests and diseases, farmers can practice crop rotation with other crops and tillage perfect.
Harvesting yam cultivation
 
According Solihudin, yam crop can be harvested from the age of 3 months. Harvesting usually begins with clearing rod then unload the ridges with a hoe carefully. Demolition begins on the edge of the mound usually this is done to
Indotophosting.com Hosting Unlimited dan Domain Murah Terbaik di Indonesia   avoid damage to the bulbs because the hoes.
   
Solihudin is one of the farmers who once worked as a yam traders. At harvest time, he could accommodate between 500-600 kg of yam per day, or about 400-500 tie.
At the time of this writing, the purchase price of yam ranged between Rp.400, - to Rp 500, - / belt. Solihudin sell yam to multiple destinations including district. Thatch, saving Earth and New Style Central Lampung. Market he could sell them to retailers at a price between Rp.800, - until Rp.1.000, - / belt.

Tuesday, August 12, 2014

Pests that attack kale, among others, grasshoppers

Pests that attack kale, among others, grasshoppers, armyworms (Spodotera litura) and aphids from (Myzus persicae and Aphyds types gossypii). Symptoms of armyworm attack is perforated, perforated leaves and fringe dau jagged bite marks. While aphids make plants stunted and warped dau. Because aphids from plants absorb liquid.

While it is a disease that usually attacks the white rust disease (Albigo Ipomoeae Panduratae). When this disease will appear white patches on the leaves then be expanded. In terrestrial organic kale cultivation, pest management should be integrated. To reduce the risk of pests and diseases, crop rotation is necessary, adjust the spacing and make proper watering. Or when forced to use biological pesticides such as neem leaves, yam, and lemongrass.
Harvesting

Kale cultivation spread to the land of the early harvest takes 30-45 days. Harvesting can be done in two ways cut and removed. Especially for organic kale, harvesting should be done with revoked. Because organic kale market tastes, the modern markets, preferring kale plants complete with roots. Harvesting is a way to produce a crop of kale removed as much as 23 tons per hectare.

Before packed and shipped to market, kale BUNDAPOKER.COM AGEN TEXAS POKER DAN DOMINO ONLINE INDONESIA TERPERCAYA should be cleaned first extracted from the ground. Washing is done by running water or clean water to avoid dangerous contaminants. Place the kale in a damp place and do not stung direct sunlight.
Post-harvest and marketing

In contrast to the conventional farming, organic farming land kale will produce organic products are free from harmful chemical contaminants. Therefore, the products tend to have higher prices. Should not be sold directly to the collectors who usually are ready to take directly from the land. If we execute the marketing strategy, it is not impossible the benefits are also greater. There are a few tips to market organic kale land:

# 1 Selling directly in the garden (farm gate sale)
If your garden is easy to reach, you should go to direct sales in the garden. Target buyers are final consumers. Usually organic vegetable consumers are willing to come into the garden to ensure the product bought. Especially now popular slogan know your food is know your farm. In this way we can save the cost of distribution. There are some farms could apply this way, one of them at the top Agatho Organic Garden, Bogor.

Temperature, the most suitable place is located

Temperature, the most suitable place is located at an altitude of 10-150 m dpl.Pertumbuhan requires optimal average temperature of 25-28 ° C with a relative humidity of 70%.

The type of soil, can grow on various soil but has the ability to bind water a little old at the time of flowering and fruiting.
Structure, with structure sandy soil crusts and in sufficient containing humus and good water binding capacity. / Domains lemoung structured clay but contains a lot of humus and soil sediment quickly dried up and the delta lands good for cotton.
Organic matter, soil contains a lot of BO, become fertile and lush growth, eventually life will be long.
Layer of water / soil, cotton tanamn have deep roots which can not be planted in shallow rock layers.

D. Peyemaian Seeds in Polybag
a. Making Media Semai
Media can be created by mixing soil, sand, Pulau Tidung and manure or compost at a ratio of 1: 1: 1, or you can also mix the soil, manure, fertilizers such as NPK at a ratio of 2: 2: 1. then the mixture was put into a polybag medium size 10x15cm approx 3/4 sections. subsequently watered and let stand for 24 hours.
b. Method and Time of Seeding
Cotton seed which will dismaikan, should be soaked with water for 2-4 hours. Then the seeds planted in the planting medium that has been provided, the seed sown in an upright position and the candidate root tip facing down. Furthermore didtup seed with rice husk ash and soil mixture with a ratio of 2: 1 so that potential stem easily penetrate to the surface. Seed should be prepared, as a backup for the stitching. Seeds kept in the shade.
c. Watering
Seedlings in the nursery watered every morning, ranging from seedlings did not emerge until the seedlings emerge from the ground. For watering, can use a spray tank or can use a bucket of water. Watering is done carefully so as not to erode the soil in seedling media. When true leaves have come out, watering the seedlings performed every morning and evening so that the seeds do not dry out.

Monday, August 11, 2014

Guava fruit sold in the basket (bongsang)

Crystals guava was introduced in Indonesia in 1991 by the Taiwan Technical Mission. Guava crystals actually not really seedless seeds but the number is less than 3 percent of the fruit. In addition to almost zero amount of seeds, fruit flavor was sweet, soft but crunchy texture of the fruit. Before Guava crystals introduced in Indonesia has been first discovered other types of guava which seedless guava breadfruit. Crystal guava farmer groups in the village Cikarawang through coaching, Bogor Agricultural University to develop this type of guava and analyze business prospects.

Cashew can be propagated by seed. However, multiplication in this way is not preferred because tumbuhannya long into adulthood and will also change the nature of its parent. Propagation is now done vegetatively, in particular by means of grafting.
Usefulness of non-food

Guava leaves are known as traditional medicine for coughs and diarrhea. Guava juice "bangkok" is also considered berkasiat to help cure patients with dengue hemorrhagic fever. Guava leaves have been known since long ago as a deterrent and reduce diarrhea. 3 pieces of guava boiled with 2 cups of water and boil, then filtered and drunk in those with diarrhea.
Benefits consumption

Guava fruit contains many vitamins and fiber, so Badak88 Agen Bola Resmi Promo 100% SBOBET IBCBET Jelang Piala Dunia 2014 it is suitable once consumed to maintain health. Color red meat indicates that guava guava are rich in vitamin A and antioxidants for eye health. Guava fruit is perfect once consumed during the day because the fruit is fresh and cool the body.
Pests and diseases of guava

Plant pests (pest) found in guava plantation is mites (Acarina: Tetranychidae and Mycobatidae), Valanga spp., Helopeltis sp., Ladybugs vacuum shoots (Hemiptera: Coreidae and Tessaratomidae), Lawana candida, kutukebul (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) [1], Aphis gossypii, Icerya seychellarum, Coccus viridis, kututempurung black, Aspidiotus destructor, 1 species of scale insects, mealy bugs (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), snout beetle (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), fruit borer beetle (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae), Bactrocera carambolae, Budworms (Lepidoptera), leaf roller caterpillars (Lepidoptera), Trabala spp., fire caterpillars (Lepidoptera: Limacodidae), stem borer caterpillars (Lepidoptera: Metarbelidae), sac larvae (Lepidoptera: Psychidae), fruit borer caterpillars (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), and Attacus atlas. OPT is potentially as important pests that cause direct harm is fruit flies, caterpillars shoots, fruit weevil, mealybug [2], and fruit borer caterpillars. But other pest like Helopeltis sp., Piercing sucking pests other, and biting-chewing pests are also potential causes of yield loss due to potential pathogens can spread inoculum in the crop. [3]